Exploring Different Types of Dental Crowns

Choosing the right type of dental crown depends on various factors, including the tooth's location, your aesthetic preferences, and any specific dental issues you may have. At Elite Dental and Orthodontics, our experienced team will guide you through the decision-making process, ensuring you receive a crown that best suits your needs and restores your smile effectively. For more information or to schedule an appointment, contact our dental team today. Let us help you maintain the health and beauty of your smile.

Dental crowns are a cornerstone of modern restorative dentistry, offering both functional and aesthetic solutions for a variety of dental issues. They provide a protective cover or cap over a damaged, decayed, or unattractive tooth, improving its appearance and strength.  We offer a variety of dental crowns to meet the diverse needs of our patients. In this blog, we’ll delve into the five main types of dental crowns and their unique benefits to help you make an informed decision about which type is right for you.

What is a Dental Crown?

A dental crown is a custom-made cap that fits over a tooth to restore its shape, size, strength, and appearance. Crowns are essential for treating teeth that are too damaged for fillings but still healthy enough to be preserved. They can also be used to anchor a dental bridge, cover implants, or improve the aesthetics of a tooth. Types of dental crowns come in various materials, each offering different benefits, and our dentists can help you choose the right one based on your dental needs, preferences, and budget.

Types of Dental Crowns and Their Benefits

Gold Alloy Dental Crowns

Composition & Appearance:

  • Made from a blend of metals, including gold, copper, and other alloys.
  • Typically have a metallic gold color.

Benefits:

  • Durability: Gold alloy crowns are exceptionally strong and resistant to wear, making them ideal for molars and areas with high biting forces.
  • Biocompatibility: Gold alloys are gentle on surrounding teeth and are less likely to cause wear on opposing teeth.
  • Longevity: They can last for many years, often longer than other types of crowns.

Ideal for: Patients looking for strength and longevity in a non-visible area of the mouth, or those who prefer the distinct appearance of gold.

Exploring Different Types of Dental Crowns

Porcelain-Fused-to-Metal (PFM) Crowns

Composition & Appearance:

  • Consist of a metal base fused with a porcelain outer layer.
  • Mimic the natural color of teeth, making them aesthetically pleasing.

Benefits:

  • Strength and Aesthetics: The metal core provides durability, while the porcelain coating ensures a natural appearance.
  • Versatility: Suitable for both front and back teeth, offering a balance between strength and looks.
  • Cost-Effective: Often more affordable than all-ceramic crowns while still providing good aesthetics.

Ideal for: Patients seeking a combination of durability and a natural look, particularly in areas where strength is essential.

Zirconia Crowns

Composition & Appearance:

  • Made from zirconium dioxide, a robust and tooth-colored material.
  • Can be full-contour zirconia or layered for enhanced aesthetics.

Benefits:

  • Exceptional Strength: Zirconia crowns are incredibly strong and resistant to chipping or cracking, suitable for both front and back teeth.
  • Biocompatibility: They are hypoallergenic and a great option for patients with metal allergies.
  • Natural Appearance: They can be color-matched to blend seamlessly with surrounding teeth.

Ideal for: Patients needing a strong, natural-looking crown, especially those with metal sensitivities.

All-Ceramic Crowns

Composition & Appearance:

  • Made entirely from ceramic or porcelain material.
  • Offer the most natural tooth appearance.

Benefits:

  • Aesthetic Excellence: Provide the closest match to natural tooth color and translucency, making them ideal for visible front teeth.
  • No Metal Allergy Risk: Completely free of metal, eliminating any risk of allergic reactions.
  • Biocompatibility: Gentle on the gums and neighboring teeth, promoting healthy dental tissues.

Ideal for: Patients prioritizing aesthetics, especially for front teeth, or those with metal allergies.

Temporary Dental Crowns

Composition & Appearance:

  • Made from materials like acrylic or stainless steel.
  • Designed to be used only for a short period while waiting for a permanent crown.

Benefits:

  • Immediate Protection: Provide an interim solution to protect the prepared tooth and maintain function until the permanent crown is ready.
  • Cost-Effective Short-Term Option: Temporary crowns are more affordable and serve as a crucial placeholder.
  • Versatility: Can be quickly fabricated and adjusted, ensuring patient comfort and tooth protection.

Ideal for: Patients awaiting permanent crown fabrication or undergoing multiple dental procedures requiring temporary coverage.

Benefits of Dental Crowns

Dental crowns offer several advantages beyond simply covering a tooth. They:

  • Restore Function: Enable normal chewing and speaking.
  • Protect Weakened Teeth: Prevent further damage and decay.
  • Improve Appearance: Enhance the shape, color, and alignment of teeth.
  • Support Other Restorations: Stabilize dental bridges and cover dental implants.
  • Long-Lasting Solution: With proper care, crowns can last many years, sometimes even decades.

Dental Crown Procedure and Aftercare

The process of getting a dental crown typically involves two visits to our office. During the first visit, the dentist prepares the tooth by removing decayed areas and shaping it to fit the crown. An impression of the tooth is then taken to create a model for the crown. Types of dental crowns are considered when creating this model to ensure the best fit and material for your needs. A temporary crown is placed to protect the tooth while the permanent crown is being made.

At the second appointment, the temporary crown is removed, and the permanent crown is fitted, adjusted, and cemented in place. Aftercare includes maintaining good oral hygiene and avoiding habits that could damage the crown, such as chewing on hard objects.

Potential Drawbacks of Dental Crowns

While dental crowns are generally effective, there are some potential drawbacks:

 

  • Tooth Sensitivity: The prepared tooth might be sensitive to temperature changes, especially if too much tooth structure was removed.

  • Risk of Damage: Although crowns are durable, they can still chip or become loose if not cared for properly.

  • Nerve Damage: Extensive tooth preparation might damage the tooth’s nerve, sometimes necessitating a root canal treatment.

  • Cost: Crowns can be expensive, depending on the material and the extent of dental work required.

Conclusion

Choosing the right type of dental crown depends on various factors, including the tooth’s location, your aesthetic preferences, and any specific dental issues you may have. At Elite Dental and Orthodontics, our experienced team will guide you through the decision-making process, ensuring you receive a crown that best suits your needs and restores your smile effectively.

For more information or to schedule an appointment, contact our dental team today. Let us help you maintain the health and beauty of your smile.

Elite Dental and Orthodontics
Scroll to Top
Skip to content